geography, remote sensing, surveying, geomatic engineering, geographical information system

Land Surveying techniques are employed  in Road construction, land management and maintenance, property & land development, mapping, civil engineering, environmental impact studies etc. As well, it is considered the most under rated degree of choice at uni. Despite high employment rates and respectable starting salaries, fewer people apply even though the median starting salary is $52,000 and 90% of grads end up with full time employment in this field. More hereMore non-Geography subject areas here :

GIS, geographical information systems, geography, surveying, remote sensing and Geomatic Engineering degree courses at undergraduate bachelor, postgraduate master, diploma, Ph.D doctorate research degree levels in Australian universities  are in the list below.

  • Besides ATAR,  what  are the prerequisite HSC  Year 12 subjects ?
  • Which university is best for Geography or Surveying studies in Australia ?
  • Where can I study to be a GIS or Geographer engineer ?


  • Geographer are physical scientists who study physical environment (landscape, climate ), human habitat and how humans interact with environment to make a living ie. economics and culture
  • Many believe Geographers draw maps, when in actual fact map making concerns the field of study of cartography, a specialized area of geography.
  • Physical geography identifies, analyze and interpret the distribution and arrangement of landforms and other features of the Earth terrain.
  • A bachelor or master degree in Geography and GIS offers university graduates careers in Surveying, Economics Urban Planner/Community Development,Cartographer/Cartography, GIS Specialist,
  • Climatologist, Transportation management, Environmental Management. (GIS : Geographical Information Systems)
  • Modern geographers are often involved in fixing environmental issues. Many are also the primary practitioners of Geographic Information Systems and cartography, often find applications in city or urban planning. They are often employed by local, state, and federal government agencies as well as in the private sector by environmental and engineering firms.


Geography versus Geology ?

What Geologists do may sound familiar but what do geographers do? Geography is broadly classified into human and physical geography, but the difference between physical geography and geology is often misunderstood. Geographers study the earth’s surface, landscapes, features, and reason for their occurrence. Geologists look deeper into the earth than do geographers and study  rocks, the internal structures processes of the earth (such as plate tectonics and volcanoes), and investigate earth’s ancient  history.

What to study at university to be a Geographer?

An undergrad degree in geography is typically needed to start with. With a bachelor’s degree, grads can begin working in a many fields. A master’s degree in geography is useful for the student who wishes to teach or to be a cartographer or GIS specialist work in business or government.

Life as a Geographer

The “geographer”  job title  is not typically found in companies or government agencies. More and more companies are beginning to recognize the skills a geographically-trained person brings to the job. Many geographers are employed as planners, cartographers (map makers), GIS specialists, analysis, scientists, researchers, surveying .

Areas of specialization

  • Physical geography:  hydrology, glaciology, geomorphology, biogeography, climatology, pedology, oceanography, geodesy, environmental geography.
  • Human geography:   cultural geography, urban geography, economic geography, political geography, historical geography, marketing geography, health geography, social geography.

Geographic information system

GIS  is a computer powered  system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage and present all types of geographical  information in a way that cab be readily used. It is used extensively in map based technologies such as GPS ( Global Positioning System) satellites. With map based apps available on iPhone and Android mobiles as well as navigation aids such as Navman, GIS technology has suddenly become even more relevant and gaining in commercial usage. GIS integrates hardware, software, and data to capture, manage, analyze and display various forms of geographically referenced information.

  • GIS technology may be integrated into any enterprise information system framework.
  • GIS enables one to view, understand, question, interpret and visualize data in many ways that reveal relationships, patterns  and trends in the form of maps, globes, reports and charts
  • GIS assists in answering questions and solve problems by analysing at data in a way which is readily understood and shared

Geomatics Engineering

Geomatic Engineering or Geomatics aka Geospatial Engineering is emerging field focusing on spatial information (i.e. info about physical location). A location is the primary parameter used to integrate a various data for viewing and analysis, Eg temperature, atmospheric pressure, altitude, latitude, longitude, humidity and wind etc. Geomatics Engineering also incorporates aspects of Computer  and Civil Engineering. Geomatics is a new jargon  incorporating the traditional  subject of land surveying together with many other aspects of spatial data management. Following the advanced developments in IT, the nature of the tasks required of  a land surveyor has adapted to available IT technology, hence surveying” no longer accurately covers the  full spectrum of tasks involved in modern surveying activities.  As can be seen in most smart phones, GPS technology is now integrated with many iPhone and Android apps, such as Google maps, Compass,as well as Navigation aids such as Navman and Tom Tom.


Surveying or land surveying refers to what a professional surveyor does to determine the land based position of points and the distances and angles between them. It is used extensively for construction of all major civil engineering based structures such as roads, bridges and buildings.


Typical admission requirements for : Geography, GIS degrees :

  • Geography and /or Mathematics ,English proficiency

Universities in Victoria :

Universities in New South Wales :

Universities in Queensland :

Universities in Western Australia :

  • Geography courses at University of Western Australia : UWA
  • GIS Master of Science (Geographical Information Systems): at University of Western Australia : UWA

 List of universities in Tasmania :

  • School of Geography and Environmental Studies at University of Tasmania : UTAS in Hobart
  • Bachelor of Surveying and Spatial Sciences : Tasmania university

Universities in South Australia :

Australian Capital Territory : ACT

  • Geography major at Australian National University ANU
  • Geography at School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences UNSW @ADFA 

 For other non-Geography  subject areas, click here :;overview.htmlAustralian National University ANU

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